Medieval Combat Society

Derek Newman

Derek Newman

Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was king of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II. Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His long reign of 50 years was the second-longest in medieval England (after that of his great-grandfather Henry III) and saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English Parliament, as well as the ravages of the Black Death.

GDPR Privacy Statement

 

The policy:

This privacy policy notice is for the organisation known as The Medieval Combat Society and its website www.medievalcombatsociety.co.uk. It is served by the data protection officer appointed by The Medieval Combat Society and governs the privacy of those who use the site and / or are members of the society.

The purpose of this policy is to explain to you how we control, process, handle and protect your personal information, either as a member of the society or while browsing or using the website, including your rights under current laws and regulations.

If you do not agree to the following policy, you may wish to terminate any membership of the society and cease viewing / using the website.

 

Policy key definitions:

  • "I", "our", "us", "we" or “the society” refer to The Medieval Combat Society.
  • "you", "the user" refer to the person(s) using this website and / or members of the society.
  • GDPR means General Data Protection Act.
  • PECR means Privacy & Electronic Communications Regulation.
  • ICO means Information Commissioner's Office.
  • Cookies mean small files stored on the users computer or device.

 

Processing of Your Personal Data

Under the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) we control and / or process any personal information about you physically or electronically using the following lawful bases.

 

We are exempt from registration in the ICO Data Protection Register as a small non-profit organisation.

 

Lawful basis: Consent

The reason we use this basis: By joining the society and / or using the website you provide an implied consent for the information you provide to be used for the management of the society and operation of the website.

We process your information in the following ways: All information provided either through membership forms or electronically is stored electronically and used for the purposes of managing the society. Paper copies of membership forms are not retained.

Data retention period: We will continue to process your information under this basis until you withdraw consent or it is determined your consent no longer exists.

Sharing your information: Members contact details are shared with other members of the society as per the consent you provide on your membership form. We do not share your information with third parties. Information provided by other users of the website is not shared.

 

Lawful basis: Legal obligation

The reason we use this basis: The Society has a duty of care to it’s members in the event of an accident / injury.

We process your information in the following ways: Medical data collected is from members via medical information forms and is stored electronically. Paper copies of medical information forms are sealed and retained in case of need.

Data retention period: Records are retained for 1 year and fresh information requested annually.

Sharing your information: We share a summary of urgent medical information with first aid staff appointed by the society to allow them to perform their duties effectively. Your medical information will be shared with third party medical staff only in the event of injury or accident and only then if required.

 

Lawful basis: Criminal offence data

The reason we use this basis: As providers of a public performance the society has a duty of care to event organisers and the public.,

We process your information in the following ways: Criminal offence data is requested on membership forms and held electronically.

Data retention period: This information is retained for the duration of a person’s membership.

Sharing your information: We do not share this information with third parties.

 

If, as determined by us, the lawful basis upon which we process your personal information changes, we will notify you about the change and any new lawful basis to be used if required. We shall stop processing your personal information if the lawful basis used is no longer relevant.

 

Your Individual Rights

Under the GDPR your rights are as follows. You can read more about your rights in details here;

  • the right to be informed;
  • the right of access;
  • the right to rectification;
  • the right to erasure;
  • the right to restrict processing;
  • the right to data portability;
  • the right to object; and
  • the right not to be subject to automated decision-making including profiling.

You also have the right to complain to the ICO www.ico.org.uk if you feel there is a problem with the way we are handling your data.

 

We handle subject access requests in accordance with the GDPR.

 

Internet Cookies

We use cookies on the website to provide you with a better user experience. We do this by placing a small text file on your device / computer hard drive to track how you use the website, to record or log whether you have seen particular messages that we display, to keep you logged into the website where applicable, to display relevant content and to refer you to third party websites.

Some cookies are required to enjoy and use the full functionality of the website.

We use a cookie control system which allows you to accept the use of cookies, and control which cookies are saved to your device / computer. Some cookies will be saved for specific time periods, where others may last indefinitely. Your web browser should provide you with the controls to manage and delete cookies from your device, please see your web browser options.

 

Cookies that we use are;

  • Strictly necessary cookies. These are cookies that are required for the operation of our website. They include, for example, cookies that enable you to log into secure areas of our website, use a download service or make changes to content on the site.
  • Analytical/performance cookies. They allow us to recognise and count the number of visitors and to see how visitors move around our website when they are using it. This helps us to improve the way our website works, for example, by ensuring that users are finding what they are looking for easily.
  • Functionality cookies. These are used to recognise you when you return to our website. This enables us to personalise our content for you, greet you by name and remember your preferences (for example, your choice of language or region).
  • Targeting cookies. These cookies record your visit to our website, the pages you have visited and the links you have followed. We will use this information to make our website more relevant to your interests.

Please note that third parties (including, for example, providers of external services like web traffic analysis services) may also use cookies, over which we have no control. These cookies are likely to be analytical/performance cookies or targeting cookies.

 

Data Security and Protection

We ensure the security of any personal information we hold by using secure data storage technologies and precise procedures in how we store, access and manage that information. Our methods meet the GDPR compliance requirement.

 

Transparent Privacy Explanations

We have provided some further explanations about user privacy and the way we use the website to help promote a transparent and honest user privacy methodology.

 

Affiliate Links and Commissions

Our website may contain affiliate links on some pages. These are typically links to websites for specific events or the locations at which these events are held.  We only link to trusted locations and partners who each have high standards of user privacy and security. However, we do not control the actual content seen / displayed by our partners.

Clickable affiliate links may be displayed as a website URL like this; www.thetafhotel.co.uk or as a titled text link like this: Bed & Breakfast in Whitland.

Clicking on any affiliate links may track your actions by using a cookie saved to your device. You can read more about cookies on this website above. Your actions are usually recorded as a referral from our website by this cookie. We do not earn any commission from the affiliate link and provide the links at no cost to you.

If you have any concerns about this, we suggest you do not click on any affiliate links found throughout the website.

 

Email Messages and Subscription

Under the GDPR we use the consent lawful basis to subscribe all members to our ‘announcement’ mailing list and an option to subscribe to a separate ‘discussion’ mailing list. We only collect certain data about you, as detailed in the "Processing of your personal date" above.

Any email messages sent to these lists are done so through an EMS. An EMS is a third-party service provider of software / applications that allows use to send out email marketing campaigns to a list of users while maintaining those user’s privacy by not displaying their e-mail addresses.

Email messages that we send may contain tracking beacons / tracked clickable links or similar server technologies to track subscriber activity within email messages. Where used, such messages may record a range of data such as; times, dates, I.P addresses, opens, clicks, forwards, geographic and demographic data. Such data, within its limitations will show the activity each member made for that email message.

Any email messages we send are in accordance with the GDPR and the PECR. We provide you with an easy method to withdraw your consent (unsubscribe) or manage your preferences / the information we hold about you at any time.

Our EMS provider is Hostweb Limited. They hold the following information about members of the society within their EMS system;

  • Your full name
  • Email address

Other Platforms

The society also maintains a presence on the Facebook social media platform. This service requires a separate subscription to the Facebook platform, and information provided to and when using this platform is not controlled by the society and is not covered under this privacy policy. The Facebook Privacy Policy applies to the use of this platform.

 

Contact Us

Any enquiry with regard to this privicy statement, requests for details of information held, or alterations of concent may be addressed to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or via our general contact us page.  

 

Resources and Further Information

Ralph de Stafford, 2nd Baron Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, KG (24 September 1301 – 31 August 1372) was an English nobleman and notable soldier during the Hundred Years War against France.

The Comet

Medieval combat, marvellous motors and more as Baldock Festival ends with street fair and car show

  • JP Asher
  • This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • //twitter.com/@journo_JP
  • PUBLISHED: 15:57 15 May 2017 | UPDATED: 09:56 16 May 2017
  • Five-year-old Matthew Urcikan enjoys the merry-go-round at the Baldock Street Fair. Picture: Karyn Haddon.

  • Five-year-old Matthew Urcikan enjoys the merry-go-round at the Baldock Street Fair. Picture: Karyn Haddon.

     

    From medieval combat to fairground fun and classic cars, there was something for everyone as the 34th Baldock Festival wrapped up this weekend.

    A medieval warrior at the Baldock Street Fair. Picture: Karyn Haddon.          

    A medieval warrior at the Baldock Street Fair. Picture: Karyn Haddon.

     

    First, on Saturday, the Baldock Street Fair saw school choirs, fairground riders and Morris dancers entertain the crowds – with the armour-clad warriors of the Medieval Combat Society also going toe-to-toe in the High Street in true 14th-century style.

    Then on Sunday, the High Street was taken over by by the biggest-ever Baldock Classic Car Show, which among many others boasted police cars used in The Bill and a Routemaster bus bound for Japan.

     

    Baldock Events Forum manager Richard Sell told the Comet that the weekend had been a fantastic way to bring this year’s two-week festival to a close.

    He said: “The weather worked well for the organisers on both days, and it was a great attendance throughout. A great time was had by all – well done to everyone involved in organising the events.

    “There were so many highlights, I couldn’t pick just one. The weekend really was a super way to wrap up the whole festival.”

     

    Many visitors dressed in historical costume in keeping with the street fair’s theme of delving into Baldock’s past.

    There were also about 50 craft and charity stalls on hand, including the Baldock branch of the Royal British Legion – whose county vice-chairman Paul Middleton said the only issue was that there was so much good food.

    He posted on the branch Facebook page: “Excellent day at the street fair, although the weather was a bit overcast at times.

    “Plenty of people came along, stopped for a chat and had a go on the raffle. The only complaint was the over-abundance of good food to tempt us!”

    The Poppy Appeal made £49 on a chocolate raffle – won by Coral Clark – with another £50 made from donations and poppy lapel badge sales.

     

    The car show on Sunday, the festival’s last day, boasted many interesting vehicles, including classic motorbikes and an extraordinary one-off special built from wood by Peter Kelly.

    The prize-winners were:

    • Most original car – Peter Vickers, with his Morris Minor Lowlight

    • Best daily driver – Gordon Casbeard, with his Citroen 2CV

    • Best pre-1950 car – Jane Clark, with her Wolseley Hornet Special

    • Best 1951–60 car – Chris Bentley, with his Jaguar E-Type

    • Best 1961–70 car – Roger Westcott, with his Fiat 500F

    • Best 1971–80 car – Richard Langford, with his Ford Capri Mk II

    • Best 1981–90 car – Chris Hucker, with his AC427 Cobra

    • Most unique car – Peter Kelly, with his one-off wooden-body special.

    The car show organisers say they already have some great ideas for next year.

    To find out more see baldockfestival.org.

headstone000

“The Medieval Combat Society were a great part of our Medieval themed Festival!

Their whole aesthetic, both combat and dance shows, was thoroughly enjoyed by all.

The planning process was smooth and simple with the help of their President.

It was a pleasure working with the Medieval Combat Society and I would certainly recommend

them to anybody who is looking for an authentic medieval experience. Thank You!”

Matthew Wright, Headstone Manor & Museum

Illuminated B Smalllanch Porre

1lb of the white part of leeks, finely chopped

1 large onion, finely chopped

1 pint vegetable stock

Pinch of saffron

½ tsp sugar and cinnamon mixed

Take the qwyte of lekes and parboyle hom, and hew hom fmalll, and take onyons and mynfe gom therewith, and do hom in a pot, and put thereto gode broth, and let hit boyle, and do therto fmale briddes, and feth hom therewyth , and colour hit wyth faffron, and do therto pouder marchant, and ferve hit forthe.

Simmer the leaks and onions in the stock for some 15 minutes until tender; add the saffron, stirring for a few minutes to dissolve its colour.

Pour into a dish, sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon and serve.

The original recipes all parboil the leeks before adding the onions but todays leeks do not require this preparation.

Download Area

 

Everything from Society Documents to Membership Forms and Dance Music can be found here.

Also known as Edward le Despencer

Born: 24 March 1336 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England

Christened:

Died: 11 November 1375, Cardiff Castle, Llanblethian, Glamorganshire, Wales

Buried: Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England

Parents: Edward Despencer (born 1312, Buckland, England, died 30 September 1342) married (20 April 20 1335, Groby, Leicestershire, England) Anne Ferrers (died 8 August 1367)

Siblings:

Thomas Le Despencer (born about 1337 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England)

Henry Le Despencer, Bishop of Norwich (born about 1339 Norwich, England, died 1406)

Gilbert Le Despencer (born about 1341 Gloucestershire, England)

Anne Despencer (born about 1346)

Married: before 2 August 1354 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England

Spouse: Elizabeth De Burghersh (born 1342, Ewias Lacy, Herefordshire, England, died 26 July 1409, buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England)

Offspring:

Cicely Despencer (born 1354 Essendine, Rutlandshire, England, died young)

Edward Le Despencer Earl of Gloucester (born 1356, Gloucestershire, England)

Anne Despencer (born 1358 Essendine, Rutland, England, died 30/31 October 1426) married 1: (before 1 November 1376) Hugh De Hastings (born 1362, died 1386) married 2: Thomas Morley, 4th Lord (died 24 September 1416/7)

Hugh Le Despencer (born 1360, Essendine, Rutlandshire, England, died 1411, buried in St Georges, Botolph Lane, London, Middlesex, England)

Margaret Despencer (born 1365, died 3 November 1415) married Robert de Ferrers, 5th Lord of Chartley (died 13 March 1412/3)

Elizabeth Despencer (born 1367 Essendine, Rutland, England, died 10/11 April 1408, buried Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England) married 1: John FitzAlan Lord Maltravers (born 1365, died 1391) married 2: (after 28 Arpil 1393) William la Zouche, 3rd Lord (born before 1342, died 13 May 1396)

Philippa Despencer (born 1370 Essendine, Rutland, England)

Thomas Le Despencer (born 22 September 1373, Essendine, Rutland, England died 13 January 1400, Executed at Bristol, Gloucestershire, England) married (16 April 1378 Bristol, Gloucestershire, England) Constance Plantagenet, Baroness Despencer (born 1374 Castle, Conisbrough, Yorkshire, England, died 28 November 1416, Reading Berkshire, buried Reading Abbey, Berkshire)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Qrtly 1 & 4 argent 2 & 3 gules fretty or overall a baston (bend) sable

Crest: Out of a ducal coronet, per pale Gules and Argent, between two wings, a griphon's head of the last, beak and ears of the first, gorged with a collar per pale Or and Argent.

Knight of the Garter 1361, Stall 3, became a Knight Garter after the death of Henry Plantagenet

Edward campaigned with Prince Edward in Gascony in 1355 and he fought in the skirmish at Romorantin and at the battle of Poitiers 1356. Edward Summoned to Parliament as Lord Despencer 15 December 1357. Edward took part in the expedition to France in 1359 in the staff of Edward III. He swore to uphold the Treaty of Brétigny at Calais. In 1363 he escorted the king of Cyprus from Dover to London. Jean Froissart accompanied Edward to the Welsh Marches in 1366. In 1368 Edward was in the retinue of the Duke of Clarence and was there when he died at Piedmont. In 1369, with the death of his father in law, the Manor of Henley passed to him and his wife. Edward returned from Italy in 1372 and in 1373 campaigned under John of Gaunt, and the Duke of Brittany in 1373, ravaging Artois and Picardy, and was in command of the rear-guard.After the truce in 1374 Edward returned to England. Edward made his will on 6 November 1375 and died 11 November 1375 An effigy was made of him in Tewksbury Abbey, and he bequested a chalice to the abbey which had been given to him by the king of France. Edward was described as the most honourable, gallant and valiant knight of all England, much beloved by the ladies.

 

Edward Despencer
Edward Le Despencer from Elsing brass of Henry Plantagenet
Edmund Le Despencer from Elsing brass of Henry Plantagenet, died 1340. Remade from a drawing.

John Plantagenet of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Earl of Derby, King of Castille and Leon, Sheriff of Lancashire, 1340-1399

Born: March 1340, St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders

Died: 3 February 1399, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England

Buried: 15 March 1399, Old St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)

Siblings:

Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Lionel "Of Antwerp" Plantagenet Duke of Clarence (born 29 November 1338 Antwerp, Antwerp Belgium, died 17 October 1368 Alba, Cuneo, Italy, buried in Clare, Suffolk, England) married 1: (15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England) Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland) married 2: (28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy) Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy) Edmund Plantagenet Duke of York (born 5 June 1341 King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England, died 1 August 1402 Langley, Hertfordshire, England) married 1: (1 January 1370/1371) Isabel Perez married 2: (4 November 1393) Joan Holland Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London) Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Thomas Plantagenet Duke Of Gloucester (born about 7 January 1354 Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died (murdered) 9 September 1397 Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France, buried St Edmund's, Westminster, Middlesex, England) married (24 August 1376) Eleanor de Bohun (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Associated with: Marie De St. Hilaire (born 1341)

Offspring:

1. Blanche Plantagenet (born 1360, died 1388-1389)

Married 1: 13 May 1359, Queen Chapel, Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England

Spouse 1: Blanche (born 25 March 1342, died 12 September 1368, Bolingbroke Castle)

Offspring:

2. Phillippa Plantagenet (Queen of Portugal) (born 31 March 1360, died 19 July 1415)

3. John Plantagenet (born 1362 - 1364)

4. Elizabeth Plantagenet (Duchess of Exeter) (born 21 February 1363, died 24 November 1426) married 1: John Hastings, 5th Lord Hastings (died 30 December 1389) married 2: John Holand, Duke of Exeter (died 1400) married 3: John Cornwall

5. Edward Plantagenet (born 1365, died 1365)

6. Henry IV Plantagenet (King of England) (born 3 April 1366, Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire, died 20 March 1413, Westminster, buried Canterbury) married (27 July 1380) Mary De Bohun (born 30 May 1366 Bolingbroke, Clinics, died 20 March 1413 Westminster, buried Canterbury)

7. John Plantagenet (born before 4 May 1366)

8. Isabella Plantagenet (born 1368)

Married 2: 21 Sep 1371, Roquefort Sur Me, Guienne, Charente Maritim, France

Spouse 2: Constanza (Constance) of Castilla and Leon (born 1354, died 24 Mar 1394, buried St Mary, Leicester, Leicestershire, England)

Offspring:

9. Katherine Plantagenet (Queen of Castilla) (born 6 June 1372-31 Mar 1373, died 2 June 1418)

10. John Plantagenet (born 1374, died 1375)

Married 3: 13 January 1396 at Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England

Spouse 3: Katherine Catherine De Roet Swynford (born 25 November 1350, Picardy, Somme, France, died 10 May 1403, buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England) widow of a knight killed in Aquitaine

Offspring:

11. John Beaufort, Fairborn, 1st Earl of Somerset (born 1371-1373, Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 16 March 1409/10, St. Catherine By The Tower Hospital, London, Middlesex, England, buried Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England)

12. Henry Beaufort (Cardinal) (born 1375 Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 11 Apr 1447, buried Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England)

13. Thomas Beaufort Duke of Exeter (born January 1377, Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 27 December 1426, Greenwich Manor, East Greenwich, Kent, England, buried Abbey, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England ) married Margaret Neville (born about 1375, died 1400) daughter of Thomas "of Horneby" Neville

14. Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (born 1379, Chateau De Beaufort, Maine-Et-Loire, France, died 13 November 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England, buried Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England) married (29 November 1396 Chateau De Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France) Ralph De Neville (born about 1364 Raby, Durham, England, died 21 October 1425 Raby Castle, Durham, England)

Heraldic Coat of Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th Azure semee-de-lis Or (France Ancient); 2nd and 3rd Gules three Lions passant guardant Or (England); A Label of three points Ermine for difference. Described by George Beltz as Quarterly, Castille and Leon , impaling quarterly France and England, differentiated by a label of three points Ermine.

Heraldic Crest: Upon a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Lion statant guardant crowned Or with a Label of three points Ermine about his neck.

Heraldic Devices: Three ermine ostrich feathers with gold quills and scrolls on a black background. An eagle or falcon with a padlock in its beak. An eagle standing on a fetterlock. Described by George Beltz as An eagle standing upon and essaying to open a padlock. This badge appears upon a seal, impressions of which are remaing in the office of the duchy of Lancaster.

May have also used for the duchy of Lancaster, France and England quartered with a blue label charged with nine gold fleurs-de-lys

Knight of the Garter 1360, Stall 14, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of Thomas Holland, then transferred to Stall 2 in 1377Seal of John of Gaunt

John was One of the most powerful men in England during Edward III's reign and later. A Plantagenet, this name originating as a nick-name for "Geoffrey the Fair" Count of Anjou who wore a sprig of broom in his hat [Fr: genet=broom]. John gained the title of Earl of Richmond on 20 September 1342, aged 2. He was granted by his father, Edward III, the title 5th Earl of Lancaster & 2nd Duke of Lancaster, thus holding the vast Duchy of Lancaster and Pontefract castle. In fact there is a place named after him "John of Gaunt's" about 5 miles north of Wakefield. The ownership of the Duchy made him the overlord of the knight's fees of the Honour of Pontefract and would indicate that the Midgley families in West Yorkshire were of these, William de Miggeley (born about 1280) being one, who as a Parliamentary knight and Yorkshire Court Lawyer, had likely invested heavily in the wool trade. John of Gaunt was part of the 'Lancastrian Line' whilst his brother Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York was the progenitor of the Yorkists. The name Plantagenet was not used by either family from Richard I to Richard II but thereafter was employed as a form of superiority.

John married Blanche, heiress of Lancaster and the Mayor of London ordered Jousts in celebration in May 1359 which he took part in, and in October 1359 John accompanied Edward III to France. Through his wife Blanche, he became Earl of Derby 21 July 1361 and Lord of Beaufort and Nogent on 14 August 1361. John succeeded to the title of Earl of Lincoln on 10 April 1362, the Earl of Leicester on 10 April 1362 and the Earl of Derby also on 10 April 1362. He gained the title of Duke of Lancaster on 13 November 1362. In 1362 John was made the High Sheriff of Lancashire, which he also held until his death. The Lancaster holdings made John the wealthiest and one of the most influential nobles in England. He served under his brother, Prince Edward in the Hundred Years War and went (1367) on his campaign to aid Peter the Cruel of Castile. and fought at the battle of Najera on 3 April 1367. He gained the title of Lord de Bergerac et Roche-sur-Yon on 8 October 1370. He fought at the recapture of Limoges in 1370. After the death of Blanche he married in 1371 Peter’s daughter, Constance, and thus gained a claim to the Castilian throne. Through his marriage, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster gained the title of Rey John de Castilla before 6 October 1372. When Prince Edward became ill during the French campaign of 1370–1, John took chief command. John recovered many of the Lancaster possessions that had been lost in 1322. He also made valuable additions to the Duchy, including the Honors of Tickhill, Knaresborough, Pevensey (in 1372), and High Peak, which he received in exchange for surrendering the Earldom of Richmond in North Yorkshire to his father on 5 June 1372. In 1372 Edward III granted John the Manor of Aylsham.

In July 1373 John led an army from Calais to Bordeaux, but the expedition accomplished little taking a very long route south of Paris covering nearly 1000 miles in 5 months. After a truce was reached in 1375 he returned to England, where he allied himself with the corrupt court party led by Alice Perrers, mistress of the aging Edward III. In 1369 Geoffrey Chaucer wrote a long poem of courtly love 'The book of the Duchess', written in English and was an elegy for John of Gaunts first wife Blanche. For a short time John of Gaunt in effect ruled England. His party was temporarily dislodged from power by the Good Parliament of 1376. The death of Prince Edward on 8 June 1376 was a great blow to the Commons. John of Gaunt was able, on Parliament's dismissal, to declare the good parliament void and to recall the impeached ministers, and by Edward's wish have Alice Perrers returned. Sir Peter de la Mare was imprisoned without trial and Bishop William of Wykeham was banished from court and his properties seized. The struggle between the anti-ecclesiastical party, led by John of Gaunt, in alliance with John Wyclif, and the clergy, led by William of Wykeham, were due to Edward's neglect of the affairs of his kingdom. In january 1377 A new Parliament was formed and elected John of Gaunts own speaker and granted subsidies.

In February 1377 Wyclif was summoned by Archbishop Sudbury and Bishop Courtenay of London and was asked to answer for his geretical teachings. At St Pauls Cathedral anger arose against John of Gaunt who supported Wyclif. A mob headed for the Savoy Palace, owned by John of Gaunt, and on their way killed a priest who spoke ill of Sir Peter de la Mere. John of Gaunt and Percy escaped by boat down the river Thames. The mob rather than loot the Savoy Palace, went through it destoying everything they could. Bishop Courtenay persuaded the mob to disperse, and Sir Peter de la Mere was freed.

On 28 February 1377, Edward III recreated the Palatinate for John's lifetime. In 1390, this grant was extended to include John's heirs. The Duke of Lancaster had become one of the most important figures in the country. Hostility to the strong clerical party, led by William of Wykeham, caused him to support the movement of John Wyclif. After the accession (1377) of his nephew, Richard II, John remained the most powerful figure in the government, but he devoted himself primarily to military matters. During the Peasants revolt of 1381, his Savoy Palace was destroyed. In 1386, allied with John I of Portugal, who married one of his daughters, he led an expedition to make good his Castilian claims against John I of Castile. John of Gaunt finally agreed to peace in 1388, transferred his claims to his daughter by Constance of Castile, and married her to the future Henry III of Castile. He returned to England in 1389, was made duke of Aquitaine on 2 March 1390, and helped to restore peace between Richard II and the hostile barons led by Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester. In 1396, John of Gaunt married Catherine Swynford, many years his mistress, and had his children by her, under the name of Beaufort, declared legitimate. He died soon after the king had exiled his eldest son, the duke of Hereford (later Henry IV, first of the royal line of Lancaster). John is also remembered as the patron of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

Last Will and Testament

I, John, son of the King of England, Duke of Lancaster, February 3d, 1397. My body to be buried in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, of London, near the principal altar, beside my most dear late wife Blanch, who is there interred. If I die out of London I desire that the night my body arrives there, that it be carried direct to the Friars Carmelites in Fleet Street, and the next day taken strait to St. Paul's, and that it be not buried for forty days, during which I charge my executors that there be no cering or embalming my corpse; I will that my executors pay all my debts, excepting the debts for the army, which my beloved brother the Duke of York incurred in Portugal, of which before God and all the world I hold myself free; I desire that chauntries and obits be founded for the souls of my late dear wives Blanch and Constance, whom God pardon; to the said altar of St. Paul's my vestment of satin embroidered, which I bought of Courtnay, embroider at London, certain lands and tenements in London, of which the reversion is purchased, rendering xx marks a year to Dame Katherine del Staple for her life, and I desire that during her life she be paid out of the rents of the Manor of Bernoldwyk, in the county of York; to the prisons of Newgate and Ludgate, in London C marks, to be divided between them; to my most dear wife Katherine, my two best nouches which I have, excepting that which I have allowed to my Lord and nephew the King, and my large cup of gold which the Earl of Wilts gave to the King my Lord, and which he gave me on my going into Guienne, together with all the buckles, rings, diamonds, rubies, and other things, that will be found in a little box of cypress wood, of which I carry the key myself, and all the robes which I bought of my dear cousin the Duchess of Norfolk, also my large bed of black velvet, embroidered with a circle of fetter-locks, and garters, all the beds made for my body called in England "trussing beds," my best stay with a good ruby, my best collar, all which my said wife had before her marriage with me, also all the goods and jewels which I had given her since my marriage; to my Lord and nephew the King the best nouche which I have on the day of my death, my best cup of gold which my dear wife Katherine gave me on New Year's Day last, my gold saltcellar with a garter, and the piece of arras which the Duke of Bourgoyne gave me when I was at Calais; to my dear brother the Duke of York, a gold cup and cover; to my dear son Henry, Duke of Hereford, Earl of Derby, two of the best pieces of arras, one of which was given me by my Lord and nephew the King, and the other by my dear brother the Duke of Gloucester, whom God pardon, when I lately returned from Spain, also a chain of gold of the old manner, with the name of God in each part, which my most honored Lady and mother the Queen, whom God pardon, gave me, commanding me to preserve it, with her blessing, and I desire that he will keep it with the blessing of God and mine; to my dear daughter Philippa, Queen of Portugal, my second best stay of gold, and a gold cup and cover; to my dear daughter Katherine, Queen of Castile and Leon, a gold cup and cover; to my dear daughter Elizabeth, Duchess of Exeter, my white bed of silk, with blue eagles displayed, and my best nouche after those before given; to my dear son John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorset, a dozen saucers, &c.; to the Reverend Father in God and my dear son the Bishop of Lincoln, a dozen saucers, &c. and my missal, and my portheus, which belonged to my Lord and brother the Prince of Wales, whom God preserve; to my dear son Thomas Beaufort, their brother, a dozen saucers, &c.; to my dear daughter, their sister, Countess of Westmoreland and Lady of Nevil, a silk bed, and a cup and cover of gold; to my dear Henry, eldest son of my dear son the Duke of Hereford, a gold cup; to my dear son John, brother to the said Henry, a gold cup; after all my debts are paid, and restitution made to all who have been injured by me or my servants, on my account, I desire that my executor pay to the Minister of Bury one thousand pounds; to my said wife Katherine two thousand pounds; to my said son the Duke of Hereford one thousand pounds; to my said son the Marquis one thousand pounds; to my said son Thomas Beaufort one thousand marks; "a mon tres chere bachelier" Monsr. Thomas Swyneford, C marks; to Monsr Walter Blount, Monsr Chamberlain, C marks; to Monsr Hugh Shirley Cmarks; to Monsr Richard Aberbury, the sons, L marks; to Monsr William Par L marks; I will that a chauntry be founded at the New Church of our Lady of Leicester, for the soul of my late wife Dame Constance, who is there buried, and for ever to keep an obit for her soul on the 24th day of March; and as for the annuity or annual pension of forty-thousand franks, which my dear son the King of Castile and Leon is bound to me, a certain part of which is unpaid, I devise to the King one third part of what may, by his assistance, be recovered of the arrears now due. And I constitute and appoint the Reverend Fathers in God Richard Bishop of Salisbury; John Bishop of Worcester; my very dear and loving cousins and companions Thomas Earl of Worcester, Steward of the Household of my Lord the King; and William Earl of Wilts, Treasurer of England; my son Ralph Earl of Westmoreland; Monsr Walter Blount; Monsr John Dabruggecourt; Monsr William Par; Monsr Hugh War'ton; Monsr Thomas Skelton; and Cokeyn, Chief Steward of my Lands; Sir Robert Qwytby, my Attorney General; Piers Melburn; William Ketyring; Robert Haylfield, Comptroller of my Household; Sir John Leyburn, my Receiver General; and Thomas Longley, Clerk, my executors. And I ordain my most dear and entirely beloved brother Edmond Duke of York; my most dear and entirely beloved nephew Edward Duke of Aumerle; the Reverend Fathers in God Roger Archbishop of Canterbury; Richard Archbishop of York; and the Bishop of Lincoln, my dear son, supervisors of this my last will, whom, with my Lord the King, I pray to be faithful surveyors of the same. In faith of which I have placed hereto the seal of my arms, and also my own signet, which I always carry myself, in the presence of the following witnesses: Maistre John Kenyngham, Doctor in Theology; Sir John Newton, Parson of the Church of Burbach; Sir Walter Piers, Parson of the Church of Wymondham; William Harpeden, and Robert Symeon, Esquires; and by John de Bynbrok, of the Diocese of Lincoln, Notary.

CODICIL TO THE SAID WILL

Item. John, son of the King of England, Duke of Lancaster, whereas I have purchased divers manors, &c. before my marriage with my dear wife Catherine, to whom I have given several parts for her life, and I have enfeoffed my dear son John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorset, with certain other parts, &c. to my dear son Thomas Beaufort, brother of the aforesaid John, manors which belonged to Edward de Kendale, the reversion of which I have bought of Dame Elizabeth Crosier, also the lordships, &c. of which Dame Elizabeth Barry held for the term of her life, to him and the heirs of his body; in default of which to my said son John, and the heirs of his body; failing which to my dear daughter Joan, their sister, Countess of Westmoreland; I will that my dear bachelier Monsr Robert Nevil, William Gascoigne, my dear esquires, Thomas de Radclyf, and William Kat'yng, and my dear clerk Thomas de Langley, who, according to my directions, are enfeoffed in the Manor of Bernolswyk, in the County of York, pay annually to my executors for Dame Katherine del Staple xx marks for her life; and touching the wapentakes of Hangest, Hangwest, and Halykeld, in Richmondshire, which I have before granted to my dear son-in-law Ralph Earl of Westmoreland, and to my daughter Joan, his wife, for their lives, I will, &c.

Memorials Of The Most Noble Order Of The Garter From Its Foundation To The Present Time, George Beltz, 1841

Lionel Plantagenet of Antwerp, Earl of Ulster, Duke of Clarence 1338-1368

Born: 29 November 1338, Anvers, Anvers, Belgium / Antwerp, Brabant

Died: 17 Oct 1368, Alba, Piedmont, Cuneo, Italy

Buried: Austinfriars, Clare Priory, Suffolk, England

Parents: Edward III (born 13 November 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, christened 16 November 1312, Royal Chapel Windsor, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, died 21 June 1377, Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, buried Westminster Abbey, Middlesex) married (24 January 1328 at York Minster, Yorkshire) Phillipa of Hainault (born 24 June 1311, Valenciennes, died 14 August 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. Died of the Plague, buried Westminster Abbey, London)

Siblings:

Prince Edward "The Black Prince" Plantagenet of Wales (15 June 1330, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, 8 June 1376, Westminster Palace, Middlesex, 29 September 1376, Canterbury Cathedral, Kent) married: (10 October 1361 at the Royal Chapel of St George at Windsor Castle, Berkshire) Joan "Fair Maid of Kent" (Born 29 September 1328, died 8 August 1385, Wallingford Castle, Buried Stamford, Lincolnshire, buried Grey Friars Minor, Stamford, Lincolnshire) Joan had previously married 1: William Montacute Earl of Salisbury (born 20 June 1328, Donyatt, Somerset, died 3 June1397) Joan had previously married 2: Thomas de Holland Earl of Kent (born 1314, died 26 December 1360, Normandy)

Princess Isabel Plantagenet of England, Countess of Bedford, (born 16 June 1332 Palace,Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died before 4 May 1379 Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England. buried Grey Friars, Newgate, Middlesex, England) married: (27 July 1365, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England) Enguerrand Le Brun VII De Coucy, 7th Earl of Bedford. (born 1339, died 18 February 1397, Bursa, Anatolia)

Joan (Joanna) Plantagenet of England (born February 1335 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, died 2 September 1348 Bordeaux, Aquitaine, France, died of the Bubonic Plague, buried Bayonne Cathedral, Gascony, France) Never married

William Plantagenet (born 16 February 1336 Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, died before 3 March 1337, buried York Minster, York, England)

Prince John "Of Gaunt" Plantagenet Earl of Richmond, 1st Duke of Lancaster (born 24 June 1340 St Bavon Abbey, Gand (Ghent), Flandre-Orientale (Belgium), died 3 February 1398 Leicester Castle, England, buried 15 March 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England) married 1: (19 May 1359) Blanche Plantagenet daughter of Henry Plantagenet (born March 25 1345, died 12 September 1369 married 2: Constance, elder daughter of Pedro the Cruel, King of Castile and Leon. (died 1394) married 3: Catherine Roet, daughter of Sir Payne Roet and widow of Sir Hugh Swynford Edmund Plantagenet Duke of York (born 5 June 1341 King's Langley, Hertfordshire, England, died 1 August 1402 Langley, Hertfordshire, England) married 1: (1 January 1370/1371) Isabel Perez married 2: (4 November 1393) Joan Holland Blanche Plantagenet (born March 1342 Tower Of London, London, Middlesex, England, died March 1342 Tower of London) Mary Plantagenet, Duchess of Brittany (born 10 October 1344 Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, died 1361/62, buried Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire, England) married (1361, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England) Jean Montfort. Duke of Brittany

Margaret Plantagenet Countess Of Pembroke (born 20 July 1346 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, died after 1 October 1361, buried Abingdon Abbey, Abingdon, Berkshire, England) married (19 May 1359 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England) John Hastings (born 29 August 1347, Sutton Valence, died 16 April 1375, Picardy, France, buried 28 April 1376 Friars Preachers, Hereford, Herefordshire, England)

Thomas Plantagenet (born 1347)

William Plantagenet (born before 24 June 1348 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, buried 5 September 1348)

Thomas Plantagenet Duke Of Gloucester (born about 7 January 1354 Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, died (murdered) 9 September 1397 Calais, Pas-De-Calais, France, buried St Edmund's, Westminster, Middlesex, England) married (24 August 1376) Eleanor de Bohun (Alianore), Duchess of Gloucester, (born 1366, died 3 October 1399, Minories Convent, Aldgate, London) daughter of Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford (born 1342, died 1373) married Joan FitzAlan (died 1419)

Joan Plantagenet

Associated with: Alice Perrers

John De Southeray (born about 1364, Acceded 1377, died after 1383) married Matilda Percy

Joan Plantagenet married Robert Skerne

Jane Plantagenet married Richard Northland

Associated with: Unknown

Nicholas Lytlington, Abbot of Westminster (died 1386) Never claimed to be a kings son

Married 1: 15 August 1342 / 9 Sep 1342, Tower of London, London, Middlesex, England

Spouse 1: Elizabeth de Burgh Countess of Ulster (born 7 June 1332, Carrickfergus, Ulster, died 12 October 1363, Dublin, Ireland, buried Clare Priory, Essex), daughter of William de Burgh Earl of Ulster (born 1312, died 1333, Murdered at Le Ford, Belfast) married Maud (died 1377, Bruisyard Abbey, Suffolk) she later married Ralph de Ufford (died 9 April 1346, Kilmainham, Ireland)

Offspring 1:

Phillippa Plantagenet Countess of Ulster (born 16 August 1355, Eltham Palace, died 7 January 1382, Cork, Ireland, buried Wigmore) married 1368 Edmund Mortimer Earl of March (born 1 February 1352, Langoed, Brecons, Wales, died 27 December 1381, Dominican Priory, Cork)

Married 2: 28 May/5 June 1368, Church of St Maria Maggiore, Milano, Italy

Spouse 2: Violante Visconti (born 1353, Milano, Italy, died November 1382/6, Pavia, Italy) daughter of Giovanni/Gian Galeazzo

Offspring 2:

Heraldic Coat of Arms: France (ancient) and England quarterly, a label of three points argent, and on each a canton gules

Knight of the Garter 1360, Stall 11, became a member of the order of the garter after the death of John Beauchamp

Some say died 10 Dec 1368. Burke say married 1352. Earl of Ulster. It is said that he died of food poisoning.

Lionel was named as a compliment to the Duke of Brabant whose badge was a lion. Through his marriage, Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence gained the title of Earl of Ulster 26 January 1347. In May 1359 he took part in the jousts at Windsor, and in October 1359 he accompanied Edward III to France and in his retinue was Geoffrey Chaucer. He gained the title of Duke of Clarence on 13 November 1362.

Lionel was a widower at the age of 29 and travelled to Milan for his marriage to Violante Visconti, the 13 year old daughter of Giovanni Galeazzo. He stopped of at Paris in April 1368 and was accompanied by a retinue of 457 people and 1280 horses. When he arrived in Milan Lionel was escorted by 1500 mercenaries from the White Company, who having finished their service for the Pope now worked for the Visconti. The wedding banquet was held in June 1368 and was attended by Froissart and Geoffrey Chaucer.

Four month after his wedding, Lionel died while in Italy, of an unknown fever.

Last Will and Testament

LIONEL OF ANTWERP, DUKE OF CLARENCE
Lionel Duke of Clarence, in the house of the Duke of Milan, in the City of Alba, the 3d of October 1368. My body to be buried in the Church of the Friars Augustine's at Clare, in the County of Suffolk; to Violenta, my wife, my vestment with gold coronets; to John de Bromwich, Knt. my courser called Gerfacon; to Richard Musard, Knt. a girdle of gold and a courser called Maugeneleyn; to Bartholomew Pygot; to John de Capell, my chaplain, a girdle of gold, to make a chalice in memory of my soul; and to the said John my best portiforium, with musical notes; to Master Nicholas de Haddeley a small portiforium, without notes; to John Wayte, my chaplain, a portiforium, with notes; to Thomas Waleys a circle of gold, with which my brother and Lord was created Prince; to Edmund Mone the circle with which I was created Duke; to Nicholas Bekennesfeld x marks a year out of the manor of Bremsfeld; to Robert Bardolf. And I appoint Violenta, my wife; Bartholomew Pigot, and John de Capell, my chaplain; and Sir John de Bromwich, Knight, my executors. In the presence of Nicholas de Bekennesfeld, Robert Bradway, John Bray, and others. Proved before William Archbishop of Canterbury 6 Ides of June 1369, at Lambeth.

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